Micron (MU)


Key Statistics

Enterprise Value = $59.959 billion

Operating Income = $13 billion

EV/Operating Income = 4.6x

Price/Revenue = 2.23x

Earnings Yield = 20%

Debt/Equity = 26%

The Company

Micron is a rapidly growing semiconductor manufacturer. It represents everything that investors are supposed to love in 2018. Micron manufactures semiconductors for everything from supercomputers to smartphones with a particularly strong niche in memory products.

Business has been fantastic over the last few years, driven by the global growth in tech spending. From 2016 levels, 2017 sales were up by 64%.

The business is in the midst of a massive boom, with revenues and earnings growing every quarter. The Q3 earnings report was the best in Micron’s history, pulling in $7.7 billion in revenue and $3.10 in earnings per share.

My take

In the current tech-obsessed mood, Micron is the kind of business that Wall Street should be infatuated with, but it’s not. Micron currently trades at an absurd P/E of 5.10 compared to industry average of 30.10, a discount of 83%. Micron’s 5-year average P/E is 14.58. An increase to this level would be a 185% increase from current levels.

The crazy valuation is not a result of a sell-off. Micron’s stock price has done well over the last few years. This is an odd situation where the actual earnings growth over the last few years has outpaced the stock price.

The major risk is that Micron’s business is at a cyclical peak. This is a view I am very sympathetic towards. Micron is mired in an extremely cyclical business. In the last twelve months, Micron posted a crazy operating margin of 46%, which is destined to decline. Eventually, the market will become saturated and prices will decrease.

Where are we in Micron’s business cycle? I have no idea. It’s entirely possible that we are at the peak in this business cycle for Micron. It’s also possible that we are in an early inning. I don’t know. The thing is: no one else knows, either.

This is also an industry facing constant and relentless pricing pressure. That’s why a ’90s supercomputer can now fit into your pocket. Tech gets better and cheaper as time goes by. It’s a bad place to be.


Tech hardware: not a great business

This is a cyclical business with long-term pricing pressure on the downside. This begs the question: why am I buying this thing?

In my view, even if Micron’s business is at a cyclical peak and they are poised to lose pricing power: at 5x earnings, does it matter? What will the multiple go up to, 8x? 10x? That’s still very cheap for an S&P 500 tech company that is growing earnings and cash flow at such a rapid rate.

Why isn’t the same mentality applied to other amazing mega cap semiconductor companies like Nvidia, trading at a multiple of 39x earnings? Or Intel, trading at 19.85x earnings?

The expectations embedded in the stock price completely discount the possibility that the Micron’s good times might last longer. At such a cheap price, I am willing to take the other side of that trade.

There are no signs of financial distress with Micron, with a nearly perfect F-Score of 8 and a debt to equity ratio of 26%. Micron’s solid balance sheet and strong financial position also limit the possibility of a major blow up, limiting the risk on the downside.

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